GÉNOMIQUE ET TRANSCRIPTOMIQUE DES INTERACTIONS PLANTES-PROCARYOTES

GÉNOMIQUE ET TRANSCRIPTOMIQUE DES INTERACTIONS PLANTES-PROCARYOTES2017-12-28T12:43:14+00:00

UMR N° 186 IPME
InteractionsPlantes-Microorganismes-Environnement

  • Organismes de tutelle : IRD, CIRAD, Université de Montpellier
  • DU : Valérie VERDIER (04 67 61 64 86)
  • Site web : https://umr-ipme.ird.fr/
  • Centre : IRD Département : ECOBIO
  • LocalisationCentre IRD France Sud – 911 Avenue Agropolis, 34394 Montpellier cedex 5
  • Tél : 04 67 41 62 17
  • Fax : 04 67 41 62 83
  • Contact site IMH : N/A

 

Animateur(s)

Boris SZUREK (CR1, IRD) 04 67 41 62 12
Ralf KOEBNIK (DR1, IRD) 04 67 41 62 28

Composition équipe

〉 5 Chercheurs
〉 2 ingénieurs
〉 0 technicien
〉 2 post-doc
〉 6 thésards

 

Thématique

The GTIPP team studies the interaction of bacterial plant pathogens of the genera Xanthomonas and Pantoea with several of its host plants, such as rice, cassava, citrus, banana, barley and wheat. The aim is to increase the knowledge about bacterial virulence and plant resistance mechanisms, thus allowing to better combat bacterial plant diseases, especially in countries from the South (sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, South-East Asia). The following topics are under study:

• Comparative genomics and transcriptomics of xanthomonads infecting rice, wheat, barley, banana, cassava and citrus;
• Development of high-resolution, high-throughput genetic markers for fast phylogeny and bio-surveillance of plant-pathogenic xanthomonads and Pantoea spp.;
• Transcription Activator-Like (TAL) effectors of xanthomonads infecting rice, citrus, barley and cassava: identification of their virulence targets and engineering of tailored resistances;
• Mapping of qualitative and quantitative resistances to African Xanthomonas oryzae in the germplasm of rice and marker-assisted breeding of improved varieties;
• Engineering of new sources of resistance via targeted genome editing of rice plants;
• Role of small RNAs of rice in the interaction with Xanthomonas oryzae.

 

Couple microorganisme-hôte

〉 Xanthomonas /Riz-Cassava-Orge-Blé-Citrus-Banane
〉 Pantoea/Riz
 

Organismes étudiés

blé, riz, Xanthomonas
 

Mots clés techniques

génomique, mutagenèse, transcriptomique
 

Travaux de terrain

N/A
 

Outils communs

N/A
 

Thèses en cours
  • Hinda DOUCOUR
  • Carolina FLORES
  • Kossi KINI: Les bactérioses du riz dues au Pantoea sp. au Togo : Diversité et identification des sources de résistance adaptées
  • Alvaro PEREZ
  • Ganna RESHETNYAK
  • Cheick TEKETE

 

Principales publications
  • Hutin M, Sabot F, Ghesquière A, Koebnik R, Szurek B (2015). A knowledge-based molecular screen uncovers a broad-spectrum OsSWEET14 resistance allele to bacterial blight from wild rice. Plant J. 84: 694-703.
  • Pérez-Quintero AL, Lamy L, Gordon JL, Escalon A, Cunnac S, Szurek B, Gagnevin L (2015). QueTAL: a suite of tools to classify and compare TAL effectors functionally and phylogenetically. Front. Plant Sci. 6: 545.
  • Poulin L, Grygiel P, Magne M, Gagnevin L, Rodriguez-R LM, Forero Serna N, Zhao S, El Rafii M, Dao S, Tekete C, Wonni I, Koita O, Pruvost O, Verdier V, Vernière C, Koebnik R (2015). New multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis tool for surveillance and local epidemiology of bacterial leaf blight and bacterial leaf streak of rice caused by Xanthomonas oryzae. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 81: 688-698.
  • Wonni I, Cottyn B, Detemmerman L, Dao S, Ouedraogo L, Sarra S, Tekete C, Poussier S, Corral R, Triplett L, Koita O, Koebnik R, Leach J, Szurek B, Maes M, Verdier V (2014). Analysis of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola population in Mali and Burkina Faso reveals a high level of genetic and pathogenic diversity. Phytopathology 104: 520-531
  • Robin GP, Ortiz E, Szurek B, Brizard JP, Koebnik R (2014). Comparative proteomics reveal new HrpX-regulated proteins of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. J. Proteomics 97: 256-264

 

Collaborations

N/A